Posts Tagged ‘La France insoumise’
Jean-Luc Mélenchon and the Bolivarian Alliance, Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América.
Mélenchon wants French Caribbean ‘overseas Territories’ to link with Bolivarian Alliance.
Much has been made in recent days of sections of Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s programme which proposes that France leaves NATO, renegotiates European Treaties and joins the “Bolivarian alliance” (L’Alliance bolivarienne de Mélenchon: tout, sauf un Eldorado.)
Set up originally in 2004 by Hugo Chávez and Fidel Castro the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Spanish: Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América), is an intergovernmental organisation based on the idea of the social, political and economic integration of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
It figures in the proposals of la France insoumise
Dans le chapitre 62, «Construire des coopérations altermondialistes et internationalistes», où il est stipulé qu’il faut «instaurer une politique de codéveloppement avec l’Amérique latine et les Caraïbes en adhérant à l’Alba (Alliance bolivarienne pour les peuples de notre Amérique)». Mais aussi dans le chapitre 15, consacré à l’outre-mer, où il est prévu de «rejoindre les coopérations régionales dans une démarche de codéveloppement écologique, social et de progrès humain : par exemple l’Alba (Alliance bolivarienne pour les peuples de notre Amérique) pour les Antilles et la Guyane française, l’Afrique australe pour Mayotte et la Réunion, etc.». Dans son livret thématique consacré à outre-mer, il est précisé que ce sont la Guyane et les Antilles françaises qui rejoindront l’Alba, tout comme la Communauté d’États latino-américains et caraïbes (Celac).
In Chapter 62, “Building internationalist alter-globalisation co-operation’ where it is stated that it is necessary to “create a developmental strategy of co-development in Latin America and the Caribbean by joining ALBA, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America). It is also mentioned in Chapter 15, which is devoted to French overseas territories, where it is envisaged to “join regional co-operative agreements in the line of ecological, social and progressive co-development” – concerning the French Antilles, French Guyana, and with Southern Africa for Mayotte and la Réunion. In the book devoted specifically to French overseas territories, French Guyana and the French Antilles who will join ALBA, as well the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, CELAC.
We are happy to say that we, like other readers of the French press, are now in possession of some clarifications on these proposals.
Mélenchon is above all concerned with the fate of France’s overseas empire, which he suggests should work closely with the body.
Wits Suggest Tintin, Captain Haddock and Milou Go Mélenchon.
A critical overview.
This programme, for the 2017 French Presidential elections and for the legislative elections that follow them, addresses the state of France, “note pays”, our country, in a vibrant call to action. Ecological issues, the land’s social disasters (unemployment, poverty and ethnic and religious divisions, ‘communautarismes’) are, writes Jean-Luc Mélenchon in the Introduction, three aspects of the same reality, “We are suffocating under the rule of Finance.” Finance governs the world. Its greed, and the free-market, are destroying human beings and the planet.
For the candidate of La France insoumise the priority is to give power to the people (“donner le pouvoir, tout le Pouvoir, au peuple’). Mélenchon calls for an assembly, made up of those who have never before been elected to Parliament, to write a new constitution that will replace the “monarchie présidentielle”. With “ecological planning” a new model will be created. France will become a “universalist nation” (nation universaliste), conquering its “independence”, outside of NATO, acting to create a new alter-globalisation” alliance of the world’s peoples. France will bring a special contribution to green maritime development, to space exploration, and information technology.
Down with the Oligarchy!
The programme begins by observing that citizens’ power is thwarted in the present French politics are dominated by the “oligarchy”, the “collusion between politics and finance”, run by a “caste of the privileged”. The programme proposes a series of measures to stem corruption, to end the connivance between politicians and business, and the influence of lobbyists to break the influence of this financial-political elite.
The Universalist republic will then be in a position to defend an open approach to French nationality, advance a patriotism that is opposed to racism and all forms of discrimination, and abolish “state and social patriarchy”, including the abolition of prostitution (“abolir la prostitution”, this claim is made on Page 29).
The platform calls for new citizens’ initiatives, referenda, rights to recall MPs, guarantees of media pluralism, the constitutional embodiment of the rights of people at work, protecting common property, “air, water, food, health, energy, the means of life, the currency (..) For young people, after, lowering the voting age to 16, la France insoumise, proposes an obligatory “ service citoyen” (including a military option) or the under 25s, paid at the minimum wage, for nine months.
Particular attention is paid to France’s overseas territories, from the Caribbean to the other ‘confettis of the empire’ in the Pacific, South America and the Indian Ocean, whose equality will be established within the French administrative domain. They will become “pilots” of the ecological planning. In this respect the “économie de mer” from aquaculture onwards, will spearhead development.
L’avenir en Commun promises to out an end to the economic “pillaging” of the Nation (capital letter in original, Page 45). Not only are privatisations and ‘public-private’ partnerships targeted, but the effects of social dumping. In “défense de notre souveraineté industrielle”, “protectionnisme solidaire” is proposed. Trade agreements have to be revised and other measures taken to project social rights and employment, against multinationals and international finance. Production must be re-localised. To fight against unemployment there will be investment in green infrastructure projects…
The programme has drawn particular attention for its “révolution fiscale” and other ideas in the industrial/economic field (a more detailed account here) A rise in the minimum wage (16%) parallels a maximum salary for company bosses, on a ratio of 1 to 20 of the lowest wage, restrictions of redundancies, and a return to the contract protection pre-Loi Khomri are amongst measures proposed. There are plans to restore retirement at 60, a continued reduction of the working week and increased holidays, and a wish to ‘eliminate poverty’.
Critics focus on the cost, the slight of hand by which spending is transformed into a way cost-free boosting the economy (without major tax rises on the ordinary person or indeed much directly on most businesses). Others ask how the economy is going to be radically transformed by government legislation. There is no mention of independent working class or social movement initiatives outside of thee political framework of the new 6th Republic…..
Mélenchon prefaces the section on Europe by asserting that the “Europe of our dreams is dead”. The present European Union has become reduced to a single market in which people are submitted to the rule of the banks and finance. Our “indépendance d’action et la souveraineté de nos décisions” must not be subjected to the ideological obsessions of the Commission which have led to this anti-democratic impasse.
La France insoumise intends to renegotiate existing European Treaties. In Plan A it is proposed, amongst other measures, to end the independence of the Central European Bank, devaluation of the Euro, a halt to extending market mechanisms to public services (railways, energy and telecommunications), and a European conference to settle member states’ debts. If this fails, Plan B, a halt to French contributions to the EU budget, and for the Banque de France to take back monetary control and prepare the way for an alternative monetary system to the Euro. It is not specified what will happen if this fails, other than extreme pressure will be put. Potentially, France may leave the Euro and, could possibly exit the EU itself.
What will happen if they try all of this, draw back to the Franc, there is a financial crisis of staggering proportions, and the economy starts to crack, is not explained.
Keen to assert the “indépendence” of France in the world, the platform, as cited, envisages leaving not just NATO, but also the IMF and the World Bank. Asylum will be offered to freedom fighters (“combattants de la liberté”) such as Edward Snowden and Julian Assange (Page 89). In place of the existing military alliance, which drags European states behind the USA, France will be able to defend herself and act freely. In this sense a “coalition universelle”, under UN mandated, to eradicate Daesh in Syria, has a part to play in establishing peace in that land, with free elections and a negotiated end to the civil war. Perhaps the reintroduction of military service will help this aim. The programme wishes to continue to support the ‘two states’ solution to the Israel and Palestine conflict.
Needless to say the idea of France, a country a pillar of the international economic and military system, with a heavy colonial past, is an odd place from which to claim ‘independence’.
There are many other measures in L’avenir en commun, on international co-operation to resolve the underlying causes of the different migration crises, for durable development, employees’ rights, a re-affirmation of secularist principles (laïcité), opening up education, and a ideas on health issues. The document includes a including a proposition to legalise, within regulated structures, cannabis.
In contrast to traditional left wing programmes there are no proposals for large-scale nationalisations. Economic strategy, apart from its green and social inflection, is centred on affirming production in France. The ‘sovereignty’ of the People as translated into a Sixth Republic, with the “transition écologique, are at the core of L’avenir en commun, ideas which also stand out from past radical left platforms, which have affirmed the central importance of the labour movement, or the working class and oppressed.
In constructing the ‘figure of the People’, Mélenchon and his allies, appear to have much in common with the mid-19th century “internationalist republicans”. Their goal, of national independence and sovereignty, now stamped with green and social measures and raises many issues. Mobilised to confront the rule of the “political caste” ‘finance’, EU Treaties, and the Commission (not capitalism as such), what is the future of this People? If La France insoumise ever swept the “oligarchy” from the Republic, how they could ever bridge the gap between their ‘universal’ aspirations, those in France who oppose their plans for the People, and those of other Peoples.
In the final chapter, La France aux Frontières de l’Humanité a sketch of some of the features of a “nouvelle ère” of international co-operation is offered. It only increases the suspicion that this programme is marked by national messianism. Space-exploration, including a European-Russian Moon Base, support for a publicly owned Arianespace, and interplanetary missions, including to Mars, feature prominently. The development of France’s role as a “maritime power”, creating 300,000 jobs, in such areas a aquaculture and the French merchant navy, as well as the French role in robot and information technology, are some of the ideas for a people with a “special and passionate responsibility” (une responsabilité particulière et enthousiasmante!” (Page 119).
Tintin, Captain Haddock and Milou are raring to go….
The Posadist vote is guaranteed!
For France, for Mélenchon and Human Civilisation!
English summary here.
Update: Polls (which are in a complete state of flux in France at the moment…..)>