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Posts Tagged ‘Imperialism

China: Xi Sends letter to World Symposium for Marxist Political Parties

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Marxism and Socialism with Chinese Characteristics: Amazon.co.uk: Jin  Huiming: 9789814698214: Books

Stalinist Egocrat Filth.

From Trusted Newshound Jim

BEIJING, May 27 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter on Thursday to the World Symposium for Marxist Political Parties, saying that the Communist Party of China (CPC) stands ready to jointly promote the cause of human progress and the building of a community with a shared future for mankind with Marxist political parties worldwide.

Marxist science, which is a powerful weapon of thought to know and transform the world, reveals the law of human society’s development, points out the road for humanity to seek liberation, and has facilitated the process of human civilization, said Xi, who is also general secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

Noting that this year marks the 100 anniversary of the founding of the CPC, Xi said Marxism was established as a guiding ideology since the day the CPC was founded.

Since then, the CPC has been combining Marxism with China’s reality and promoting the development of Marxism in accordance with China’s reality, time, and public, Xi said.

Xi said Marxism is radiating new vigor and vitality in the 21st century of China, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and China has initiated the new journey towards great national rejuvenation.

Noting the common challenges humanity faces, Xi called on world Marxist political parties to enhance dialogue and communication.

He expressed the hope that participants of the symposium can pool wisdom, spark ideas, and strive for new development of Marxism in the 21st century.

The symposium was sponsored by the International Department of the CPC Central Committee. EnditemEXPLORE XINHUAN.

Xi Jinping Thought

Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, commonly abbreviated as Xi Jinping Thought,[note 1][4][5] is a set of policies and ideas derived from the writings and speeches of Chinese Communist Party General SecretaryXi Jinping. It was first officially mentioned at the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in 2017, in which it was incorporated into Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party. At the First Session of the Thirteenth National People’s Congress on 11 March 2018, the preamble of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China was amended to mention Xi Jinping Thought.

It is hard to know whether to laugh or cry at these creatures…

Written by Andrew Coates

June 1, 2021 at 1:39 pm

Solidarity with Iraq and Iranian Protests.

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Tahrir Square Baghdad: In Iraq Iranian Backed Militias Now Killing Protesters.

Iran is an active player, that is the leader,  in the fight against the recent Iraqi people’s protests.

Last week:

Two days ago (Guardian)

At least 15 people stabbed after Hashd al-Shaabi supporters march to Tahrir Square.

More than a dozen people have been stabbed in a Baghdad square that has become a focal point for anti-government and anti-Iran protests after supporters of an Iranian-backed militia flooded the area.

Thousands of men waving sticks, Iraqi flags and the insignia of the Hashd al-Shaabi armed group descended on Tahrir Square on Thursday morning in apparently coordinated marches from across the capital.

Anti-government protesters who have been occupying the square for several weeks, some of whom are critical of Iranian influence in the country, said at least 15 people were stabbed before the militia-linked marchers withdrew by the late afternoon.

Today: (BBC)

Iraq has seen one of the worst flare-ups in weeks of anti-government protests, with gunmen killing at least 20 people in Baghdad early on Saturday.

The unknown attackers raided key protest sites in the capital sending demonstrators fleeing into the streets.

The unrest in Iraq began in October, fuelled by anger over corruption, unemployment, poor public services and the influence of Iran.

More than 400 people have been killed since the protests started.

Witnesses described chaotic scenes from the latest attacks, which happened overnight on Friday.

Armed men on pick-up trucks are said to have driven through areas that have formed the centre of the protests in Baghdad, forcing demonstrators to flee from bullets.

It is not clear who is responsible – state television called the assailants “unidentified men”.

Earlier this week several people were stabbed in Baghdad after supporters of an Iranian-backed militia swarmed into a square occupied by protesters.

In another development, a drone dropped a bomb on the house of the influential Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr, a source within his party said. He was out of the country at the time.

The Iraqi Prime Minister, Adel Abdul Mahdi, has resigned over the protests but those who have taken to the streets want a fundamental overhaul of the country’s political system.

Iraq uses a quota-based system that allocates positions to political parties based on sectarian and ethnic identity.

But many Iraqis say it only encourages patronage and corruption and there is particular concern over Iran, the dominant Shia Muslim state which has close links to Iraqi Shia politicians who have been running the country since the toppling of Saddam Hussein.

Iran itself has seen protests against the Islamist theocracy grow.

The Islamists have used extreme violence.

 

It is well known that the Khomeinist regime consolidated its power under the banner of ‘anti-imperialism’.

Many of the Iranian left, and the left internationally, bought this line.

Today we see the same anti-progressive positions being peddled by some  anti imperialists like the Stop the War Coalition and their allies in other Western countries.

Their priority remains fighting against imperialism.

This have been many  counter-voices from the Iranian left.

In the context of the present-day protests against the Islamist reactionaries, – one that could be extended to their actions by proxy against the Iraqi people, and across the near east through their alliance with Assad in Syria and sectarian forces in Lebanon)   now offers an important analysis of the unfolding fight against the Hassan Rouhani clique that has implications for these other crises.

First of all Khanlarzadeh offers some serious ideas about what kind of solidarity we should offer those fighting for their rights in Iran.

She writes in response to  the US petition, “Letter Against US Imperialism”, “As anti-imperialist activists, scholars, artists and lawyers located in the United States, we stand in solidarity with the peoples of Latin America, Africa and Asia in their calls to end imperialism, sectarianism and neoliberalism, and we view the recent protests in Iran within this broader international context of resistance.”

The people of Iran are resisting the economic, political and militaristic violence imposed on them both by international and domestic elites. The majority of the Iranian people do not seek regime change because they have already lived through two monumental events that destabilized their lives – the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and the Iran-Iraq War that lasted from 1980 until 1988. The elder generations can still recount the horrors that followed the toppling of Prime Minister Mossadegh during the U.S. and British-backed coup of 1953.

Iranians seek economic and political stability, and above all, they seek to maintain their national and individual dignity. We stand by them and their calls for domestic reform, and as people in the United States, we demand the end of the sanctions regime and U.S. and Israeli interference in the lives of the Iranian people.

In a detailed response to this declaration (milder than some of the rhetoric coming up from some ‘anti-imperialists’ who fight shy of direct backing for any form of  protest seen to further US interests, “Imperialist powers intensify pressure on Iranian regime in wake of protests“) states

“The petition pretends to know what Iranian people want: “The majority of the Iranian people do not seek regime change because they have already lived through two monumental events that destabilized their lives […]  Iranians seek economic and political stability, […]. We stand by them and their calls for domestic reform [….]” The petition claims Iranians want stability, but who are these Iranians who want stability? It’s certainly not the protesters who shouted for the fall of the dictator (Ayatollah Khamenei) in the streets and actually destabilized the country by forcing the government to use maximum force to silence them and to the surprise of the petitioners, kill more than 200 of them. The violent politics of stability has, in fact, been employed by the government to silence any cry for transformation towards improvement.

As Khanlarzadeh says, these forces position reminds one, of “the famous Ayatollah Khomeini quote, “All the anger you have accumulated in your throat must be screamed at the US.”

At a time when even the Communist Party of Britain has called for solidarity with the Iranian protests, some clarity on the issues is welcome.

Morning Star November.

Communist Party of Britain general secretary Robert Griffiths wrote to the Iranian ambassador yesterday to express grave concern.

Mr Griffiths said: “While our party has campaigned against the imposition of sanctions by the United States, we deplore and condemn the suspension of civil rights, the indiscriminate killing of demonstrators and mass arrests which have taken place over the past week.”

Codir is calling on individuals and organisations to show their solidarity with the Iranian people “in this their darkest hour.”

Anti-Imperialism As An Intellectual Trap

Written by Andrew Coates

December 7, 2019 at 5:40 pm

Labour to Launch Review of British Imperialism.

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Image may contain: 1 person, smiling, text

The Huff Post reports,

 A  Labour government would launch an investigation into British colonialism and its legacy today, the party’s election manifesto is expected to declare.

The policy blueprint, due to be published on Thursday, proposes a review of the “legacies” of UK imperialism and human rights abuses under British rule across the globe, HuffPost UK can reveal.

The wording of the pledge is understood to be broad, but campaigners have long demanded justice for those who suffered due to Britain’s conquests overseas, as well as its separate role in the slave trade.

Labour’s shadow cabinet, trade unions and its ruling National Executive Committee (NEC) met at the weekend to approve the 2019 manifesto in a marathon session.

As well as its eye-catching proposal for a nationalised “British Broadband”, there were also plans for a windfall tax on oil firms and free travel for under-25s on publicly-run bus services.

It is hard to know where this audit of British imperialism came from, or the policy on free bus travel, and how they reached the Manifesto.

To illustrate how difficult an investigation into British imperialism would be some have suggested that this may be a key work to start with:

Image

 

Empires are not confined to the the exploitation of classical imperialist structures, such as those set up by the British or French states.

In the 20th century the US waged war in Indo-China without a legacy of colonial rule.

The Ottomans ruled substantial parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East,  from the Middle Ages until the 19th century, with their own form of colonial oppression. exploitation, and slave economy.

After 20th century genocide the ‘new Ottoman” ruler of Turkey, Erdoğan, stands accused of ethnic cleansing of Kurds as this is written.

Globalisation involves inequalities of wealth, ownership and  production rooted in the flow of capital and  the ongoing exercise  of state power.

One can see the present trade war between the US and capitalist China in these terms.

These points suggest that the legacies of colonialism are better looked at not through some kind of historical tribunal but as part of a continuing world system, (see World-systems theory) as writers such as Samir AminGiovanni ArrighiAndre Gunder Frank, and Immanuel Wallerstein.

Colonisation was part of capitalism and the world market not a freely willed political strategy for jingo British state rulers.

Wallerstein, who passed away this year, offers a much more useful approach to imperialism than any kind of audit of a nation’s history.

Capitalism is a system of paradoxes. Though it has promised to liberate people through the expansion of markets and development of new technologies, unrestrained capitalist economies have failed to meet these lofty ideals. Where markets have expanded across the world, the distribution of income has tipped, and the benefits of exchange and trade have flowed to a few, mostly Western, elites.

To explain this paradox, Wallerstein distinguished between a technologically developed, wealthy core of capitalist countries, and a less developed group of “periphery” countries they rely upon for accumulation. Capitalism, he thought, has been global from the start. It can’t erase the gap between rich and poor, or the North and the South, because it relies upon these divides for its very survival. Its inherently global nature also explains the emergence of authoritarian leaders like Boris Johnson, Donald Trump and Jair Bolsonaro; their ascendance is both an expression of capitalism’s global crisis, and a reflection of how this crisis unfolds in different countries.

Why the world needs Immanuel Wallerstein’s radical vision more than ever. Lea Ypi.

Wallerstein’s views can be summarised, as looking at.

… not the system of the world, but a system that is a world and which can be, most often has been, located in an area less than the entire globe. World-systems analysis argues that the units of social reality within which we operate, whose rules constrain us, are for the most part such world-systems (other than the now extinct, small minisystems that once existed on the earth). World-systems analysis argues that there have been thus far only two varieties of world-systems: world-economies and world empires. A world-empire (examples, the Roman EmpireHan China) are large bureaucratic structures with a single political center and an axial division of labor, but multiple cultures. A world-economy is a large axial division of labour with multiple political centers and multiple cultures. In English, the hyphen is essential to indicate these concepts. “World system” without a hyphen suggests that there has been only one world-system in the history of the world.

In : Structural Crisis in the World-System   looked at political strategies for the left to change the balance of forces. (2011)

The one encouraging feature about a systemic crisis is the degree to which it increases the viability of agency, of what we call “free will.” In a normally functioning historical system, even great social effort is limited in its effects because of the efficacy of the pressures to return to equilibrium. But when the system is far from equilibrium, every little input has great effect, and the totality of our inputs—made every nanosecond in every nanospace—can (can, not will) add up to enough to tilt the balance of the collective “choice” in the bifurcation.

This kind of approach, which raises strategic issues about what to do about the present to create a better future, is surely better than looking, again, at the past.

From Marxists alone, there is a vast literature on these issues, it goes without saying:  Marxist Theories of Imperialism. A Critical Survey . Anthony Brewer. 1990.

Marx had expected the spread of capitalism to lead to full capitalist development everywhere (unless anticipated by socialist revolution), while Lenin and his contemporaries concentrated on the role of monopoly and inter-imperialist rivalry. More recently, the focus of theory has shifted to the explanation of underdevelopment, which has prompted a renaissance of Marxist thought.

Is Labour’s proposed Investigation the place to judge the history and the explanations for it?

Many would suggest that it does not look an easy task.

It is even harder to see what it could possibly change.

Written by Andrew Coates

November 19, 2019 at 1:24 pm