Tendance Coatesy

Left Socialist Blog

France Mass Protests: Unions and Students against ‘reform’ of the Code du travail, the “Loi Myriam El Khomri”.

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Students Join Demos Against Plans to Weaken Workers’ Rights.

End of term protests threaten François Hollande’s labour legacy

French president trying to cement his place in history with sweeping reforms to the country’s rigid employment laws.

François Hollande is facing one of the biggest tests of his presidency as his sweeping labour reforms sparked protests by a potent mix of leftwing students and French trade unionists.

Student unions and youth demonstrators were staging sit-ins and street marches on Wednesday, teaming up with unions and striking rail workers in a wide-reaching protest movement that could prove highly toxic for the president. It is the first such collaborative protest against the Socialist government since Hollande came to power four years ago.

Reports the Guardian, neatly illustrating a report with a good reason why leftists do not trust the paper.

The “sweeping reforms” to the “rigid employment laws” were opposed by over a million people who signed this petition below:

Loi travail : non, merci !

Why?

The Petition gives is a list of some of the key measures.

☞  En cas de licenciement illégal, l’indemnité prud’homale est plafonnée à 15 mois de salaire.

In cases of illegal redundancies the amount awarded to those who win their case is limited to a ceiling of 15 months wages.

☞  Les 11 heures de repos obligatoire par tranche de 24 heures peuvent être fractionnées.

The day’s rest day – at present 11 hours per 24 hours – can be divided into sections (that is, distrinuted over the whole day).

☞  Une entreprise peut, par accord, baisser les salaires et changer le temps de travail.

A company can, by agreement, lower wages and change working hour.

☞  Les temps d’astreinte peuvent être décomptés des temps de repos.

Standby time can be counted as breaks.

There follows other technical changes – including those affecting apprentices- essentially allowing employers more ‘flexibility’ and their employees the possibility of working more hours according the employers’ needs.
 Une mesure peut-être imposée par référendum contre l’avis de 70% des syndicats.

This is the key point: a company will be able to organise a referendum on new working arrangements directly  appealing to the employees without the intermediary of the trade unions.

☞  Une entreprise peut faire un plan social sans avoir de difficultés économique.

Laws on redundancies will make it possible to offer a proposal to get rid of people (plan social) whenever they wish.

☞  Après un accord d’entreprise, un-e salarié-e qui refuse un changement dans son contrat de travail peut être licencié.

Anybody who doesn’t knuckle down to the new arrangements can be sacked.

☞  Par simple accord on peut passer de 10h à 12h de travail maximum par jour.

By a simple agreement bosses can increase working hours from 10 to 12 hours a day.

Salarié-e-s ou non : cette réforme nous concerne toutes et tous !

Interpellez la ministre du travail et demandez lui de renoncer à ce projet.

1. Signez la pétition
2. Interpellez la ministre sur http://loitravail.lol
3. Likez la page Facebook de la mobilisation

Signez la pétition et RDV sur http://loitravail.lol

—-

Put simply the project, under the name of El Khomri, but piloted by Prime Minister Manuel Valls and his Economics Emmnual Minister Macron, is designed to introduce as much as possible of the British/US model of “flexible” working.

For an expert analysis,  by an acknowledged authority in the field, see Gérard Filoche:

Intervention au Bn du PS lundi 7 mars : une rupture théorique, juridique, historique, pratique avec un siècle code du travail

Valls, who received a mere 5.63% % of the vote in the 2011 Parti Socialiste ‘primary’ to select a Presidential candidate, has met strong opposition from his his own party MPs and activists. He is described as being, with Italy’s Matteo Renzi, the last of the true believers in the Blair Third Way project – giving priority to  adapting economies to ‘globalised markets’.

The result is that some consider that the PS is on the verge of a split. A more probable result, given that breakaways from the Socialists have a long history of marginalisation, the latest being Jean-Luc Mélechon’s descent into populism at the head of the small (well under 10,000 members) Parti de Gauche, is political paralysis.

To use Léon Blum’s words, the Hollande Presidency will be seen not as a “conquest of power” nor even a successful “exercise of power” but a descent  into manoeuvring to impose the plans of a minority of the Socialist Party and the – majority – of French employers and the Right.

France faces a wave of protests Wednesday over unpopular labour reforms that have divided an already fractured government and raised hackles in a country accustomed to iron-clad job security. Follow our live blog for the latest news.

Youth organisations and unions have called for protests across France over labour reforms on the same day as a rail strike over a wage dispute that is set to cause transport chaos.

High school pupils are expected to take to the streets alongside unions, ecologist movements and university students over the controversial reforms.

France’s Socialist government has faced massive blowback — including from within — to measures that would give bosses more flexibility in hiring and firing, in a bid to turn around a record 10.2 percent unemployment rate.

The reforms spell out simple conditions such as falling orders or sales, or operating losses, as sufficient cause for shedding staff. They would also cut overtime pay for work beyond 35 hours — the work week famously introduced in the 1990s in an earlier Socialist bid to boost employment.

An online petition against the El Khomri draft law, named after Labour Minister Myriam El Khomri, has attracted more than a million signatures while a poll showed seven in 10 people were opposed to the proposed changes.

Meanwhile, trains are expected to suffer “severe disruption” due to a strike as workers demand salary increases. The Paris Metro will remain largely unaffected.

France 24.

Ensemble.

It is not at all popular: L’Humanité reports:

3 Responses

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  1. Andrew Coates

    March 9, 2016 at 3:06 pm

  2. […] Sorgente: France Mass Protests: Unions and Students against ‘reform’ of the Code du travail, the “Loi My… […]

  3. […] qui sera différent lorsque la Loi sera effectuée. On peut le trouver en détail ici et aussi ce lien-ci, mais plus important – Il y a trois grandes […]


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