Jean-Claude Juncker and Trotskyism.
Juncker: Flirted with Trotskyism.
The pasts of European Commissioner José Manuel Durão Barroso and the new President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker have been brought up by the French Communist daily L’Humanite.
The former is well known for his youthful involvement in the extreme anti-Communist (and violent) MRPP (Movimento Reorganizativo do Partido do Proletariado).(1) Indeed he was one its leaders. This ‘Maoist’ group, which was also supported by French ‘philosopher’ Alain Badiou and his group, the Union des communistes de France marxiste-léniniste (UCFml).
In the aftermath of the ‘Carnation Revolution’ (1974 -5) the MRPP was known for its physical attacks on Communists, trade unions, democrats and the far-left.
Barroso has more recently alleged that his support for these thugs was because he saw them as the best anti-Communists around.
L’Humanité alleges they were closely bound to the CIA. For the paper, the “Top level agent of the CIA, Carlucci handled and financed the MRPP .”
Which perhaps also sheds a light on Alain Badiou’s curious reticence about his own past in backing the group.
Juncker has a youthful background marked by much less explicit political engagement on the far-left.
Rue 89 in Dix choses que vous ignorez sûrement sur Jean-Claude Juncker states,
“In an interview published in 2009 on the site of the Government of Luxembourg, Jean-Claude Juncker wanted us to believe he was a rebel before he became the aged grey man mocked by his enemies:
“At 17, as a rebel, I flirted with the IV th International. I explained to my father and my mother that their bourgeois life, meant nothing at all to me.”
The former Prime Minister of Luxembourg refers to the broad Trotskyist movement in the late 60s, of which the Nouveau parti anti-capitaliste (NPA) of Olivier Besancenot is the heir.
Juncker was not a very much of an activist: he did not leave many traces of this leftist past.”
He says that he soon grasped that this stand was misguided , although he lays claim to some enduring sympathy for the workers that he learnt from his youth amongst a steel-worker family and neighbours.
l”Humanité alleges both figures have links with the CIA.
Juncker in particular,
was forced to resign his mandate after a colourful case of espionage. Witnesses suddenly became mute,although leaks suggest that the special services of the United States, including the famous NSA, have maintained discreet links with Jean-Claude Juncker…..
There are revealing comparisons. Barroso and Juncker were both members of so-called “far left” with direct or indirect relationship with the CIA and special service organisations in the United States.
(1) Tony Cliff. Portugal at the crossroads (1975).
The biggest “revolutionary” organisation in the University, it seems to recruit sons of upper class CDS supporters. Its membership is characterised by a religious fervour. It was quite heroic under fascism, but even then spent much of its time denouncing the rest of the revolutionary left. Typically, today it runs slogans like “Long live the glorious MRPP – Arnaldo Matos (Secretary of MRPP), glorious leader of the proletariat”, etc.
It gained some influence in a few firms when the Communist Party was involved in strike-breaking – e.g. it has some influence in TAP and the TLP (telephone workers).
But its influence is restricted in Lisbon to at most five workers’ committees.
It is extremely unpopular with COPCON rank and file because of its references to them as the “new PIDE”.
Its position used to be distinct from that of the PCP ML/AOC, in that it did not openly back the Socialist Party. But the Socialist Party saw an advantage in claiming to defend the MRPP against the Communist Party. And recently the MRPP has provided a convenient weapon for the Socialist Party to use to break the hold of the Communist Party on certain unions in Lisbon (journalists, bank workers, clerks).
The MRPP sees the events in the North as a “peasant uprising against social fascism”. When the Communist Party defended its headquarters in Leiria, the MRPP spoke of it “shooting down peasants”.
There seems to be some sort of convergence here between the sons of the bourgeoisie and their parents.