Archive for the ‘Spain’ Category
Spanish 5 Star MoVement?
Es la Red Ciudadana que aplica el programa que instaura una verdadera democracia con la que la gente pueda defender sus intereses.
X Party Citizen Network, the Party of the Future.
The X is unknown. It represents whoever changes completely the idea of what a “political party” is, in order to establish a true democracy. No party will do it? Then the X represents the people, the Citizen Network that will cast them out of their seats.
It is the Citizen Network who wins because it applies the program that allows a true democracy to be established, one people can use to defend their interests.
The X Party Citizen Network enters parliament, opens its doors and returns sovereign power to the people through the implementation of its entire program: “Democracy, Full Stop”.
From this moment, every citizen has the possibility to improve and vote on laws that affect them or propose laws through Popular Legislative Initiatives and binding referendums.
The French media have caught on, as have activists across Europe.
The conclusion is well worth noting,
Etant donné l’ampleur de la rupture entre représentants et représentés en Espagne », affirme Jaime Miquel, analyste électoral, « une candidature citoyenne peut espérer obtenir un million deux cent mille voix aux prochaines élections européennes et trois millions cinq cent mille voix aux prochaines élections générales ». De quoi conférer à l’Espagne, actuellement gouvernée par une majorité absolue, l’instabilité politique de la Grèce, de l’Italie ou du Portugal.
Given the size of the gap between political representatives and those they represent in Spain – notes electoral analyst Jaime Miquel, ” a citizens’ candidate can hope to get around a million, two hundred thousands votes in next year’s European elections, and three million, five hundred thousand votes in the next General Election. This give Spain, at present ruled by a majoritarian political system, the political instability of Greece, Italy and Portugal.
The organisers of Partido X also deny that the intend to follow the path of Italy’s Five Star Movement (MoVimento 5 Stelle).
They reject the rule of one individual, like the 5 Star’s Beppe Grillo.
But politically – as they seem open to “any” idea to bring government back in the hands of the people, not to say general windbaggery – it is hard not see resemblances.
The New European Politics of National Resentment
Europe is in the throes of a major economic and political crisis. The later, overused, word barely covers the depths of despair felt by those facing mass unemployment, wage cuts and the devastation and privatisation of public services. Protests against austerity have united radical lefts, trade unions and the peoples. They have yet to succeed.
In the absence of any substantial – ‘actually existing’ – alternative to the austerity consensus of Christian and Social Democracy, reactionary currents have gained ground. Nationalists, such as the UK Independence Party, UKIP, the weevils of British politics, have had a strong echo, encouraging popular anger against the European Union. Overtly xenophobic parties, the Front National in France (17,9% in the first round the 2012 French presidential elections) and a host of others in Western and Eastern Europe, have gained ground. The Greek Golden Dawn has gone backwards so far that it has revived the far right’s tradition of bullying private militias.
But it is another reaction that has caught attention today. The victory of the right-of- centre party of Artur Mas, Convergència i Unió (CiU) in the Catalonian regional elections opens the way to a referendum on national independence. In Belgium the New Flemish Alliance (Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie, N-VA) of Bart Wever appears on the way to complete Flemish autonomy, if not the dissolution of the kingdom. The Scottish Parliament has decided to hold a popular vote about the country’s future that could lead to the ‘break up of Britain’. In Italy the Lega Nord, Northern League, stands for the rights of North Italy’s ‘Padania’ against the South. It has lost momentum in recent years following its collaboration with Berlusconi, but may well revive.
Are these different populist protests against Europe’s oligarchs? That is, part of broader demands for “localism”. Tory Ferdinand Mount is a critic of “centralisation and top-down control” He calls for, “giving power back to the people” on the “human scale”(The New Few 2012). Are these movements in any way aimed at the “distribution of power to the many, the taming of the oligarchs, and the opening of opportunities to the worst off.”? (Page 219) It can be quickly seen, that some on the left, notably the Catalan left, Esquerra Republicana which looks set to work with the victorious CiU, and the warring factions of Scottish socialism, do indeed consider the push for independence in their lands as opportunities for such moves.
Most of these movements are however not principally concerned with reviving an idealised municipal government past or the voluntary associations that made up David Cameron’s vision of the Big Society. The route they take, from hard-right to apparently ‘social democratic’ Scottish nationalists, is towards what Mount described elsewhere as the “”visible symbols of national community and unity” (Mind the Gap. 2005) But as Mount would recognise, all these movements are intensely concerned with control over money. From UKIP’s jibes about Brussels to the Catalan, Flemish and Northern Italian regionalists, they are preoccupied not just with bureaucratic waste, but the feckless use of public funds by their improvident – Southern – neighbours. Scottish nationalists, for reasons which are all too obvious, show less interest in this, but continue to rail against the UK-wide distribution of revenues taken from ‘their’ oil and gas,
If there is any common thread between these, often very different, parties and the tides of opinion that bolster their position, it is resentment. They are not movements of national liberation, comparable to Irish republicanism, the fight for Norwegian independence from Denmark, or the forces that created national states following the break up of the Hapsburg Empire, the “prison of the nations”. Perhaps the Flemish nationalists are unique in holding an annual trek around francophone Brussels, pissing on every lamppost to mark out Dutch speaking territory (okay, I made the urine bit up). But the impulse to define and protect ‘their’ people, our ain folk is widely shared. Read the rest of this entry »
Brings Back Old Memories.
“Spanish miners will begin a march on Madrid this week as they escalate their ongoing protests against moves by Mariano Rajoy’s austerity government to slash subsidies to the coal industry.
Unions have claimed the entire industry is in danger, and miners have engaged in violent encounters with police in pit towns in the northern region of Asturias over the past three weeks.
On Monday a general strike hit mining communities in Asturias, Leon, Galicia and Aragon. The miners have been on strike for three weeks in an attempt to force the government to negotiate.
Clashes have taken place almost daily, with miners saying they have nothing left to lose. They have shot firework rockets at police lines, and plumes of thick black smoke have become commonplace where tyres have been set alight to block roads. “
More from the Guardian Here.
Labour Start fills in the background:
10,000 coal miners in Spain are on the front line of the European austerity debate as their workplaces are shut down by big national budget cuts, to pay for the debts of the banks.
At the end of May miners began an underground sit-in, triggering a massive regional stoppage, which has been met with some dramatic, bloody and violent responses. The crisis UGT and CC.OO unions are facing was reported to the congress of the new 50 million member IndustriALL Global Union.
Delegates heard that the Spanish government is refusing to talk to the workers about the massive job losses.
IndustriALL has today called for solidarity support from the global union movement.
This happened in the 1930s,
The Asturian miners’ strike of 1934 was a major strike action, against the entry of the CEDA into the Spanish government on October 6,which took place in Asturias in northern Spain that developed into a revolutionary uprising. It was crushed…
The details are available on Wikipedia. Here
But those with long memories will always cherish the Asturian miners.